Urine drug and alcohol testing is not generally performed as part of a DOT physical unless requested by your employer usually under the following circumstances. Employees in safety sensitive positions are subject to drug and alcohol testing in the following situations: Pre-employment.
What drugs are tested for in a DOT physical?
DOT drug tests require laboratory testing (49 CFR Part 40 Subpart F) for the following five classes of drugs:
- Opiates – opium and codeine derivatives.
- Amphetamines and methamphetamines.
- Phencyclidine – PCP.
What do they check for in a DOT physical urine test?
Your employer may request that you have a drug screen done while you take your DOT physical. That drug test typically screens for marijuana, cocaine, opiates, phencyclidine and amphetamines/methamphetamines.
What happens if you fail a DOT Physical drug test?
If you fail your DOT regulated drug test, DOT regulations require your employer to immediately remove you from performing any DOT safety-sensitive job. There may be other consequences, too, like losing your certification or license. This depends on your company’s policy or employment agreement.
Do they test for drugs during a physical?
What is a work physical? Many employers require work physicals to ensure you can perform your job well and that there is nothing underlying that could impact you in the future. Most work physicals include a drug test, basic check up, and physical exam.
What are DOT drug testing requirements?
The FMCSA has a minimum random drug-testing requirement of 50 percent of the average number of driver positions, and a minimum of 10 percent for random alcohol testing. In the event either of these percentages is changed by the FMCSA, the change will be published in the Federal Register.
How far back does a dot urine drug test go?
The amount of follow-up testing you receive is determined by a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) and may continue for up to 5 years. This means the SAP will determine how many times you will be tested (at least 6 times in the first year), for how long, and for what substance (i.e. drugs, alcohol, or both).
What is the highest blood pressure for DOT physical?
Two-year DOT medical certification: A blood pressure reading under 140/90. One-year DOT medical certification: A top number of 140-159 and a bottom number of 90-99. Three-month temporary DOT certification: A top number of 160-179 and a bottom number of 100-109.
What drugs show up on a 5 panel test?
However, our most commonly requested urine drug test is a 5-panel that screens for the presence of the amphetamines, cocaine, marijuana, opiates, and PCP.
How do you fail a DOT physical?
There are many reasons a driver may fail the DOT exam, some things are within your control and others are not.
Why did I fail?
- High blood pressure.
- Alcoholism or drug use.
- Missing extremities.
- Cardiovascular or respiratory disease.
- Poor eyesight or hearing.
- A nervous or psychiatric disease.
Can you fight a positive DOT drug test?
DOT and USCG regulation may prohibit you from performing your safety-sensitive functions after a positive test result or refusal to submit to testing. You should be aware that a positive, adulterated or substituted DOT drug or alcohol test may trigger consequences based on company policy or employment agreement.
What are the cutoff levels for a DOT drug test?
Subpart F – Drug Testing Laboratories
|Initial test analyte||Initial test cutoff1||Confirmatory test cutoff concentration|
|Oxycodone/ Oxymorphone||100 ng/mL||100 ng/mL. 100 ng/mL.|
|6-Acetylmorphine||10 ng/mL||10 ng/mL.|
|Phencyclidine||25 ng/mL||25 ng/mL.|
|Amphetamine/ Methamphetamine||500 ng/mL||250 ng/mL. 250 ng/mL.|
Is a DOT drug test urine or hair?
While urinalysis can reveal drugs used in the past one to three days, hair testing can uncover repeated drug use up to 90 days. For that reason, several motor carriers already use hair testing even though it comes at added expense.
Can doctors tell your parents if they find drugs in your system?
What will my doctor or nurse tell my parents? According to the laws in the State of California, your doctor or nurse cannot tell your parents or guardians anything about your exam if you’re seen for any confidential services.
Can a physical tell if you smoke?
Yes, your doctor can tell if you smoke occasionally by looking at medical tests that can detect nicotine in your blood, saliva, urine and hair. When you smoke or get exposed to secondhand smoke, the nicotine you inhale gets absorbed into your blood.
Do doctors check for drugs in blood work?
Drugs in blood are typically detectable within minutes to hours, depending on the drug and the dose, versus one to several days in urine. Blood drug screen tests are performed on whole blood specimens using immunoassay screening with reflex to definitive testing.