The average American family lived by the Depression-era motto: “Use it up, wear it out, make do or do without.” Many tried to keep up appearances and carry on with life as close to normal as possible while they adapted to new economic circumstances. Households embraced a new level of frugality in daily life.
What was the Great Depression like in the USA?
How did the Great Depression affect the American economy? In the United States, where the Depression was generally worst, industrial production between 1929 and 1933 fell by nearly 47 percent, gross domestic product (GDP) declined by 30 percent, and unemployment reached more than 20 percent.
How did the Great Depression affect the average American family?
The Depression had a powerful impact on family life. It forced couples to delay marriage and drove the birthrate below the replacement level for the first time in American history. The divorce rate fell, for the simple reason that many couples could not afford to maintain separate households or pay legal fees.
What was the life expectancy during the Great Depression?
Deaths from tuberculosis, the flu and pneumonia also declined. As a result, the average U.S. life expectancy rose from about 57 in 1929 to 63 in 1933.
Who was hit hardest by the Depression?
The poor were hit the hardest. By 1932, Harlem had an unemployment rate of 50 percent and property owned or managed by blacks fell from 30 percent to 5 percent in 1935. Farmers in the Midwest were doubly hit by economic downturns and the Dust Bowl.
What did people eat during the Great Depression?
Chili, macaroni and cheese, soups, and creamed chicken on biscuits were popular meals. In the 70 or more years since the Great Depression, a lot has changed on the farms of rural America. All of these changes have resulted in farms that usually specialize in only one main crop.
What did families do during the Great Depression?
With the Great Depression, many families lost their farms and migrated to urban areas in search of work and aid from President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal government programs. With record unemployment, children competed for jobs with their elders in an effort to make a contribution to their families.
What jobs survived the Great Depression?
Here are 17 of the best jobs to have during a major economic recession or depression.
- Paramedic. There will always be a need for emergency services. …
- Truck Drivers. Another necessity. …
- Police Officers. They will be in high demand. …
- Farmers. …
- Utility Workers. …
- Security Guards. …
- Medical Professionals. …
What happened to orphans during the Great Depression?
While Mills Home eventually moved in that direction, during the Great Depression orphanages were contending with constrained resources and overwhelming numbers of needy children. Those circumstances meant crowded residential cottages, separation of the children by sex, and grouping by age in the housing arrangements.
What made money during the Great Depression?
Kids Sold Newspapers- Many kids got up early to sell newspapers to make money for their families. They would even recruit their friends and then would earn a small bonus for that. Rented Rooms In Their Homes- Tons of people lost not only their jobs but their homes and families.
What was the average life span in 1920?
|Life expectancy in the USA, 1900-98|
|men and women|
What actually caused the Great Depression?
While the October 1929 stock market crash triggered the Great Depression, multiple factors turned it into a decade-long economic catastrophe. Overproduction, executive inaction, ill-timed tariffs, and an inexperienced Federal Reserve all contributed to the Great Depression.
What jobs were hit the hardest by the Great Depression?
Throughout the industrial world, cities were hit hard during the Great Depression, beginning in 1929 and lasting through most of the 1930s. Worst hit were port cities (as world trade fell) and cities that depended on heavy industry, such as steel and automobiles. Service-oriented cities were hurt less severely.
Which country was worst hit by the Great Depression?
The Great Depression which followed the US stock market crash of 1929 badly affected the countries of Latin America. Chile, Peru, and Bolivia were, according to a League of Nations report, the countries worst-hit by the Great Depression.
What industries were hardest hit by the Great Depression?
Industries that suffered the most included agriculture, mining, logging, durable goods, construction, and automobiles. The depression caused major political changes including President Herbert Hoover’s loss in the presidential election of 1932 to Franklin Roosevelt.