What is the DSM definition of depression?

What is the DSM-5 definition of depression?

A slowing down of thought and a reduction of physical movement (observable by others, not merely subjective feelings of restlessness or being slowed down). Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day. Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt nearly every day.

What is the DSM IV criteria for depression?

Diagnostic criteria: Depressed mood most of the day for more days than not, for at least 2 years, and the presence of two or more of the following symptoms that cause clinically significant impairment in social, work, or other important areas of functioning: 1. Poor appetite or overeating.

How many categories of depression does the DSM-5 recognize?

It is a modified version of the DSM episode severity specifier: (1) no or almost no depressive symptoms; (2) subthreshold; (3) mild; (4) moderate; and (5) severe.

What are the symptoms of depression in the DSM-5?

DSM-5 Criteria for Major Depressive Disorder

  • Depressed mood. …
  • Loss of interest/pleasure. …
  • Weight loss or gain. …
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia. …
  • Psychomotor agitation or retardation. …
  • Fatigue. …
  • Feeling worthless or excessive/inappropriate guilt. …
  • Decreased concentration.
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What is a simple definition of depression?

Depression is a constant feeling of sadness and loss of interest, which stops you doing your normal activities. Different types of depression exist, with symptoms ranging from relatively minor to severe. Generally, depression does not result from a single event, but from a mix of events and factors.

What is definition of depression?

Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed.

What are the 5 mood disorders?

What are the different types of mood disorders?

  • Major depression. Having less interest in normal activities, feeling sad or hopeless, and other symptoms for at least 2 weeks may mean depression.
  • Dysthymia. …
  • Bipolar disorder. …
  • Mood disorder linked to another health condition. …
  • Substance-induced mood disorder.

What is the criteria for major depression?

Fatigue or loss of energy. Feelings of worthlessness. Diminished ability to think or concentrate; indecisiveness. Recurrent thoughts of death, recurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan, or a suicide attempt or specific plan for committing suicide.

Who is mostly affected by depression?

Depression is most common in ages 18 to 25 (10.9 percent) and in individuals belonging to two or more races (10.5 percent). Women are twice as likely as men to have had a depressive episode, according to the NIMH and the World Health Organization (WHO) .

What depressive disorders are new in DSM 5?

Anxious Distress Specifier

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DSM-5 contains several new depressive disorders, including disruptive mood dysregulation disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

What is the classification of depression?

subthreshold depressive symptoms: fewer than five symptoms of depression. mild depression: few, if any, symptoms in excess of the five required to make the diagnosis, and the symptoms result in only minor functional impairment. moderate depression: symptoms or functional impairment are between ‘mild’ and ‘severe’

What is the most serious form of depression?

Clinical depression is the more-severe form of depression, also known as major depression or major depressive disorder. It isn’t the same as depression caused by a loss, such as the death of a loved one, or a medical condition, such as a thyroid disorder.

What can cause clinical depression?

Causes – Clinical depression

  • Stressful events. Most people take time to come to terms with stressful events, such as bereavement or a relationship breakdown. …
  • Personality. …
  • Family history. …
  • Giving birth. …
  • Loneliness. …
  • Alcohol and drugs. …
  • Illness.

Is depression always caused by something?

Research suggests that depression doesn’t spring from simply having too much or too little of certain brain chemicals. Rather, there are many possible causes of depression, including faulty mood regulation by the brain, genetic vulnerability, stressful life events, medications, and medical problems.

How does depression and anxiety affect your ability to work?

Showing Reduced Productivity Due to Moderate Depression

Another way to win your claim for disability is to prove that your moderate depression or anxiety, when combined with your severe physical impairment, will result in a 20% reduction in your productivity in the workplace.

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