|Norephedrine||Bright blue precipitate|
What color is ephedra?
Background Information. Ephedra plants are erect, branching shrubs found in desert or arid regions throughout the world. The 1.5–4 ft shrubs typically grow on dry, rocky sandy slopes. The many slender, yellow-green branches of Ephedra have two very small leaf scales at each node.
What is the structure of ephedrine?
What are other names for ephedrine?
Ephedrine is available under the following different brand names: Akovaz, and Corphedra.
What’s the difference between pseudoephedrine and ephedrine?
Ephedrine applied to the nasal mucosa reduces nasal resistance more quickly and strongly than oral pseudoephedrine, but with shorter action time , . At end of treatment, there may be a rebound effect with increased nasal resistance and recurrence of congestion, for which several hypotheses have been suggested.
How do I know if I have ephedra?
Ephedra is a most unusual and thus easily remembered shrub and it is very common in semi-desert sand, rock, mesas, and canyons. Leaves are reduced to tiny dark scales; the number of leaves (and bracts) grouped together is key in identifying the various species: E. torreyana has leaves and bracts grouped in threes; E.
How do you extract ephedrine?
The inventors of the present invention performed a process at an ultra-high pressure to efficiently obtain ephedrine from Ephedra sinica Stapf, and extracted ephedrine by using a solvent of sulfuric acid and ethyl alcohol mixed at a ratio determined through fractionation, without the conventional addition of diethyl …
What is ephedrine found in?
Synthetic ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are found in over-the-counter decongestants and cold medicines and are used to treat asthma. Ephedrine is not approved in the United States as a drug for weight loss or to enhance athletic performance.
What class drug is ephedrine?
Ephedrine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low blood pressure during anesthesia (Hypotension). Ephedrine may be used alone or with other medications. Ephedrine belongs to a class of drugs called Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Agonists.
What is ephedrine for?
What Is Ephedrine? Ephedrine is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), low blood pressure problems (orthostatic hypotension), or myasthenia gravis.
What OTC products contain ephedrine?
Ephedrine is available over-the-counter (OTC) as an oral medication in combination with the expectorant guaifenesin, and comes in the form of tablets, caplets, or syrup.
Common brands containing ephedrine:
- Primatene® Tablets.
- Store Brands (ex: Walmart’s “Equate” store brand or CVS Health store brand)
When is ephedrine given?
EPHEDRINE (e FED rin) injection is used to treat low blood pressure in patients who received certain types of anesthesia, underwent a specific type of surgery, or received an overdose of a drug that can lower blood pressure.
Is ephedrine basic or acidic?
It has a role as a nasal decongestant, a sympathomimetic agent, a vasoconstrictor agent, a xenobiotic, an environmental contaminant, a plant metabolite and a bacterial metabolite. It is a member of phenylethanolamines and a phenethylamine alkaloid. It is a conjugate base of a (-)-ephedrinium.
Who should avoid oral pseudoephedrine or ephedrine?
Near the end of the study, Health Canada issued a warning on their website stating that those who are under the age of 12, or who have heart disease and may suffer from strokes, should avoid taking pseudoephedrine and ephedrine.
Does pseudoephedrine make you drowsy or awake?
Drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth/nose/throat, headache, upset stomach, constipation, or trouble sleeping may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Can I take ephedrine and pseudoephedrine together?
Yes – however you need to bear in mind the legal restrictions on the maximum quantity of pseudoephedrine (720mg) and ephedrine (180mg) that can be sold, and the restriction against selling the two medicines together in a single transaction (Regulation 237 of Human Medicines Regulations 2012).