What are the side effects of antipsychotic medicines?
The FDA lists the following side effects of antipsychotic medicines:
- Weight gain (the risk is higher with some atypical antipsychotic medicines)
- Dry mouth.
What are the main two groups of antipsychotics?
There are two main types of antipsychotics: atypical antipsychotics and older antipsychotics. Both types are thought to work as well as each other. Side-effects are common with antipsychotics.
Which of the following are common side effects of atypical antipsychotics?
Common side effects of atypical antipsychotics include:
- Decreased sex drive.
- Weight gain.
- High cholesterol.
- Sun sensitivity.
What are the side effects of second generation antipsychotics?
- Metabolic syndrome.
- Anticholinergic effects.
- Cardiovascular events. QTc interval prolongation and sudden death. Myocarditis and cardiomyopathy. Orthostatic hypotension.
- Extrapyramidal side effects.
- Tardive dyskinesia.
- Prolactin elevation.
What is the safest antipsychotic medication?
Clozapine and olanzapine have the safest therapeutic effect, while the side effect of neutropenia must be controlled by 3 weekly blood controls. If schizophrenia has remitted and if patients show a good compliance, the adverse effects can be controlled.
What is the weakest antipsychotic?
Of the atypical antipsychotics, risperidone is the weakest in terms of atypicality criteria. Although early clinical studies with risperidone indicated that the incidence of EPS is not greater than that seen with placebo, this may not be the case.
Do antipsychotics change your personality?
Taking antipsychotic medication will not change your personality.
Do antipsychotics lower IQ?
The association between lifetime cumulative antipsychotic dose-years and global cognitive functioning. Higher lifetime cumulative dose-years of any antipsychotics were significantly associated with poorer cognitive composite score (p<0.001), when adjusted for gender and age of illness onset (p=0.005) (Table 4).
What is the most commonly prescribed antipsychotic?
Results: It was found that the most commonly prescribed antipsychotic was Quetiapine (28.07%) followed by Olanzapine (24.56%), Aripiprazole (14.04%) and Depot drugs (12.28%). It was found that the most commonly used depot drugs were Modecate and Depixol.
What are the most challenging worst side effects of the atypical antipsychotic medications?
The most common side effects include dry mouth, blurred vision and constipation, dizziness or lightheadedness, and weight gain. Sometimes atypical antipsychotics can cause problems sleeping, extreme tiredness and weakness.
Which antipsychotic has lowest side effects?
Aripiprazole had less side- effects than olanzapine and risperidone (such as weight gain, sleepiness, heart problems, shaking and increased cholesterol levels).
What happens if you suddenly stop taking antipsychotics?
Antipsychotics do, however, have one thing in common with some addictive drugs—they can cause withdrawal effects when you stop taking them, especially if you stop suddenly. These effects can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and stomach pain, dizziness and shakiness.
What is the most sedating antipsychotic?
Low-potency FGAs and clozapine are the most sedating, with some effect from olanzapine (Zyprexa) and quetiapine (Seroquel). 6 Somnolence can be alleviated by lowering the dosage, changing to a single bedtime dose, or switching to a less sedating medication.
What is the difference between 1st and 2nd generation antipsychotics?
First generation antipsychotics are D2 antagonists and are associated with higher risk of EPS. Second generation antipsychotics: are 5HT2A/D2 antagonists, are associated with lower risk of EPS and with higher risk of metabolic side effects.
Why are antipsychotics bad?
Some studies also raise the possibility that antipsychotic medication can cause structural changes in certain brain regions, leading some to raise the alarm about “brain damage” from these drugs.