What are the levels of depression?
Six common depression types
- Major depression. The classic depression type, major depression is a state where a dark mood is all-consuming and one loses interest in activities, even ones that are usually pleasurable. …
- Persistent depressive disorder. …
- Bipolar disorder. …
- Seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
How is depression level measured?
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is widely used to screen for depression and to measure behavioral manifestations and severity of depression. The BDI can be used for ages 13 to 80. The inventory contains 21 self-report items which individuals complete using multiple choice response formats.
What is the depression scale called?
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is the most widely used self-rating scale, developed in 1961 by Aaron Beck based on symptoms he observed to be common among depressed patients. The BDI consists of 21 items of emotional, behavioral, and somatic symptoms that takes 5–10 minutes to administer.
What is the gold standard assessment for depression?
The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) has rapidly become the national and international gold standard measurement tool in major depression. Every treatment guideline around the world recommends use of measurement-based care.
What is the most common form of depression?
Major Depression: This is the most well-known type of depression. When people experience major depression, or major depressive disorder (MDD), there is a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities.
What is the last stage of depression?
Persistent depressive disorder is depression that lasts for two years or more. It’s also called dysthymia or chronic depression. Persistent depression might not feel as intense as major depression, but it can still strain relationships and make daily tasks difficult.
Which is the easiest measure of depression to calculate?
The range is the difference between the largest and the smallest observation in the data. The prime advantage of this measure of dispersion is that it is easy to calculate.
Is depression always caused by something?
Research suggests that depression doesn’t spring from simply having too much or too little of certain brain chemicals. Rather, there are many possible causes of depression, including faulty mood regulation by the brain, genetic vulnerability, stressful life events, medications, and medical problems.
What is a normal Phq 9 score?
Depression Severity: 0-4 none, 5-9 mild, 10-14 moderate, 15-19 moderately severe, 20-27 severe. Validity has been assessed against an independent structured mental health professional (MHP) interview. PHQ-9 score ≥10 had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 88% for major depression.
Is there an anxiety scale?
Scoring is easily accomplished by summing scores for items. The total score ranges from 0–63. The following guidelines are recommended for the interpretation of scores: 0–9, normal or no anxiety; 10–18, mild to moderate anxiety; 19–29, moderate to severe anxiety; and 30–63, severe anxiety.
What test is used for depression?
Zung self-rating scale for depression
The Zung Scale is a screening tool used to help assess the level of depression in people who are depressed. It is a 20-question test that provides a score range from 20 to 80. Most depressed people score between 50 and 69. A score above that indicates severe depression.
Is PHQ-9 standardized?
The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) has been standardized in several populations and is widely used in clinical practice and health care.
Is considered the gold standard for the treatment of major depressive disorder?
Remission as the “gold standard” of treatment for depression with and without physical symptoms.
What is the PHQ-9 assessment?
The PHQ-9 form is a brief, self-administered questionnaire that assesses depression symptoms. This shorter test is derived from the original and longer PHQ assessment that addresses multiple mental health concerns including depression, panic disorder, anxiety, sleep disorders, and others.