Ephedra is used for weight loss and obesity and to enhance athletic performance. It is also used for allergies and hay fever; nasal congestion; and respiratory tract conditions such as bronchospasm, asthma, and bronchitis.
Is ephedrine used for allergies?
Ephedrine Sulfate Injection, USP is indicated in the treatment of allergic disorders, such as bronchial asthma. The drug has long been used as a pressor agent, particularly during spinal anesthesia when hypotension frequently occurs.
What does ephedrine treat?
Ephedrine is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), low blood pressure problems (orthostatic hypotension), or myasthenia gravis.
Does ephedrine help asthma?
Ephedrine is a decongestant and bronchodilator used for the temporary relief of mild, intermittent asthma symptoms, including shortness of breath, chest tightness, and wheezing.
Why should one not take ephedrine as a nasal decongestant if they are also taking an MAO inhibitor?
Because ephedrine causes release of norepinephrine, patients taking MAOIs can have an exaggerated hypertensive effect.
Which is better ephedrine or pseudoephedrine?
Ephedrine applied to the nasal mucosa reduces nasal resistance more quickly and strongly than oral pseudoephedrine, but with shorter action time , . At end of treatment, there may be a rebound effect with increased nasal resistance and recurrence of congestion, for which several hypotheses have been suggested.
Which medications contain ephedrine?
Product(s) containing ephedrine:
- ephedrine systemic. …
- ephedrine nasal. …
- aminophylline/amobarbital/ephedrine systemic. …
- aminophylline/ephedrine/guaifenesin/phenobarbital systemic. …
- aminophylline/ephedrine/phenobarbital/potassium iodide systemic.
When is ephedrine given?
EPHEDRINE (e FED rin) injection is used to treat low blood pressure in patients who received certain types of anesthesia, underwent a specific type of surgery, or received an overdose of a drug that can lower blood pressure.
Who should avoid taking ephedrine?
high blood pressure. diminished blood flow through arteries of the heart. coronary artery disease. a low supply of oxygen rich blood to the heart.
What does ephedrine do to the body?
Because of its direct sympathomimetic effects, ephedrine can increase heart rate, contractility, cardiac output, and peripheral resistance. Thus, increases in both heart rate and blood pressure are common observations after ephedrine ingestion.
What is similar to ephedrine?
” The active ingredient in bitter orange is synephrine, a stimulant with pharmacological properties similar to those of ephedrine. ”Like ephedrine, it leads to constriction of blood vessels,” said Dr.
What is a natural bronchodilator?
Caffeine is a natural and mild bronchodilator. Tea contains small amounts of theophylline, a caffeine-like substance. In tablet form, theophylline (Uniphyl) is one of the less frequently used prescription drug options for asthma.
Do asthma inhalers contain ephedrine?
Inhaled medications that contain the bronchodilator epinephrine and oral medications contain a combination of the bronchodilator ephedrine and the expectorant guaifenesin. These products are FDA approved for the temporary relief of shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, and wheezing due to asthma.
What are the long term effects of ephedrine?
Ephedra can cause severe life-threatening or disabling conditions in some people. Ephedra use is linked to high blood pressure, heart attacks, muscle disorders, seizures, strokes, irregular heartbeat, loss of consciousness, and death.
Does ephedrine raise heart rate?
Ephedrine alone increased heart rate and glucose and insulin concentrations but did not affect systolic blood pressure.
Why is ephedrine controlled?
Stringent regulation of all ephedrine products is necessary to prevent misuse and to protect the public’s health.