The Food and Drug Administration has reported that 100 ephedrine users have died as a result of taking this dietary supplement. The proposed amendment would classify ephedrine as a Schedule V controlled substance under the Health Law.
What class drug is ephedrine?
Ephedrine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low blood pressure during anesthesia (Hypotension). Ephedrine may be used alone or with other medications. Ephedrine belongs to a class of drugs called Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Agonists.
Is ephedrine regulated?
Results: Ephedrine managed to pass through numerous regulatory loopholes within seventy years. Despite warnings of misuse over the latter half of the century, ephedrine, and its herbal source, ephedra, were regulated in a piecemeal fashion and remained easily available to the public.
When did ephedrine become a controlled substance?
In 1997, the FDA proposed a regulation on ephedra (the herb from which ephedrine is obtained), which limited an ephedra dose to 8 mg (of active ephedrine) with no more than 24 mg per day.
What is an example of a Schedule 4 drug?
Examples of Schedule IV substances include: alprazolam (Xanax®), carisoprodol (Soma®), clonazepam (Klonopin®), clorazepate (Tranxene®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), midazolam (Versed®), temazepam (Restoril®), and triazolam (Halcion®).
What drugs have ephedrine in them?
Product(s) containing ephedrine:
- ephedrine systemic. …
- ephedrine nasal. …
- aminophylline/amobarbital/ephedrine systemic. …
- aminophylline/ephedrine/guaifenesin/phenobarbital systemic. …
- aminophylline/ephedrine/phenobarbital/potassium iodide systemic.
Is ephedrine available over-the-counter?
Ephedrine is available over-the-counter (OTC) as an oral medication in combination with the expectorant guaifenesin, and comes in the form of tablets, caplets, or syrup. It is not a replacement for prescription asthma treatments.
What does ephedrine do to the body?
Because of its direct sympathomimetic effects, ephedrine can increase heart rate, contractility, cardiac output, and peripheral resistance. Thus, increases in both heart rate and blood pressure are common observations after ephedrine ingestion.
What should you not take with ephedrine?
Ephedrine may interact with other adrenalin-like drugs, MAO inhibitors, beta-blockers, blood pressure medicine, tricyclic antidepressants, diuretics (water pills), digoxin, atropine, theophylline, oxytocin, or St John’s wort. Tell your doctor all medications you are taking.
What is similar to ephedrine?
” The active ingredient in bitter orange is synephrine, a stimulant with pharmacological properties similar to those of ephedrine. ”Like ephedrine, it leads to constriction of blood vessels,” said Dr.
What is the difference between ephedrine and pseudoephedrine?
Ephedrine applied to the nasal mucosa reduces nasal resistance more quickly and strongly than oral pseudoephedrine, but with shorter action time , . At end of treatment, there may be a rebound effect with increased nasal resistance and recurrence of congestion, for which several hypotheses have been suggested.
What plant does ephedrine come from?
Ephedra sinica, a Chinese species of ephedra (ma huang), contains the alkaloids ephedrine and pseudoephedrine. Ephedrine is an amphetamine-like compound that can powerfully stimulate the nervous system and heart.
What plants contain ephedrine?
Common names that have been used for the various plants that contain ephedrine alkaloids include sea grape, yellow horse, joint fir, popotillo, and country mallow.
What is a level 3 drug?
Schedule III drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with a moderate to low potential for physical and psychological dependence. Schedule III drugs abuse potential is less than Schedule I and Schedule II drugs but more than Schedule IV.
What is a Schedule 8 drug?
Schedule 8 drugs are ‘poisons to which the restrictions recommended for drugs of dependence by the 1980 Australian Royal Commission of Inquiry into Drugs should apply’. These include morphine, hydromorphine, pethidine, methadone, codeine phosphate and oxycodone.
What is an example of a Schedule 3 drug?
Schedule III drugs may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence. Examples include anabolic steroids, codeine and hydrocodone with aspirin or Tylenol®, and certain barbiturates.